Established in 1973, the Sourtoe Cocktail has become a Dawson City tradition. The original rules were that the toe must be placed in a beer glass full of champagne, and that the toe must touch the drinker's lips during the consumtion of the alcohol before he or she can claim to be a true Sourtoer. The rules have changed in the past twenty-seven years. The Sourtoe can be had with any drink now (even ones that aren't alcoholic), but one rule remains the same. The drinker's lips must touch the toe. " You can drink it fast, you can drink it slow-- But the lips have gotta touch the toe." The Sourtoes are actual human toes that have been dehydrated and preserved in salt. Swallowing one is not suggested.
The Klondike Gold Rush took place at the end of the nineteenth century. Thousands of people streamed into the Yukon in search of gold and, at the peak of the gold rush, Dawson City was the biggest city north of Seattle and west of Winnipeg. Writers of the time in particular helped to immortalise the heady days of the gold rush. You can still see many signs of the gold rush when you visit, whether you hike the famous Chilkoot Trail or visit the historic city of Dawson, where the Palace Grand Theatre and Diamond Tooth Gertie's Gambling Hall put on nightly shows in true gold rush style.
The Yukon is in northwestern Canada. It sits between the Canadian province of British Columbia and the Arctic Ocean, with Alaska to the west and the Northwest Territories to the east. At 186,722 square miles in area, it is twice as large as the UK and covers more area than Belgium, Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands combined. With just 32,000 residents, the Yukon's very large landscape has a very small population. In fact, the population was higher in 1898 than it is now. Dawson City alone reached a population of over 30,000 during the Klondike Gold Rush. Yukon's heritage is rich and culturally diverse. About one-fifth of all Yukoners are of aboriginal ancestry and belong to one of fourteen Yukon First Nations.
Canada's Yukon is fast gaining a reputation as one of North America?s best mountain biking destinations. Yukon has everything riders are seeking: world-class wilderness, established trails, great bike events and a thriving mountain biking community. Places like Carcross, Faro, Keno Hill, Dawson City and the Yukon River Valley surrounding Whitehorse have hundreds of miles of old mining and moose trails, as well as newer double and single-track for cycling.
Steam powered sternwheelers were used on many river and lake systems in Canada. While not unique to the Yukon there are few other places where they were used as extensively ? sternwheelers were the centrepiece of the Yukon's transportation system for almost four generations. During this ninety-year period over 250 sternwheelers plied the Yukon River and its tributaries. The S.S. Klondike is designated as a National Historic Site of Canada to commemorate the role these sternwheelers played in the history of the Yukon.
Most Yukon River sternwheel steamers burned wood. While there was coal in the Yukon it was not widely distributed and hence not readily available. Wood on the other hand was plentiful, and at least in the early days available along the length of the river. There were wood camps located every fifty to one hundred miles between Whitehorse and Dawson City.
Running along the banks of the Yukon river in whitehorse is a trolley built in 1929 and used in Portugal and run on the original WH&Y 3' narrow guage rails that used to carry trains from Skagway in Alaska to whitehorse via Carcross