"October Railway Central Museum Sankt Petersburg" Personal Page by Skillsbus
The Warsaw railway station (Varshavsky Vokzal) in St. Petersburg has ended its existence as an ordinary railway terminus. On 5th August, 2001, a museum was opened here. The Museum of Railway Machinery named after V. V. Chubarov, na Varshavskom vokzale. Chubarov was head of the October railway and the first curator of this museum.
Now on the railway lines within the old station platform complex, more than 80 restored items have found refuge, including different classes of steam engines, diesel locomotives and even railway artillery mounts. In a city of museums, there are not many situated in the open air like this one.
The scores of steam engines, diesel and electric locomotives on display in St. Petersburg's converted Warsaw Railway Station provide an unusual window into Russia's history.
Here are the S-68 steam engine, the type of locomotive that transported the first Soviet government from St. Petersburg to Moscow in 1918; the first diesel locomotive in the world, designed in 1924 on the order of Soviet Founder Vladimir Lenin; and the very last passenger steam engine built in the Soviet Union in 1956.
The oldest of the approximately 85 engines on display at the museum dates back to 1897: a 46.2-ton steam engine that could go 32kph. With huge red wheels and a black, round body, it worked into the 1980s in the Chechen provincial capital Grozny. Another cargo steam engine, the FD, carries the initials of Felix Dzerzhinsky, one of the Soviet leaders, who became head of the first post-revolution secret police and of the railways. Between 1932 and 1941, the country built 3,211 similar units, each displaying a red star in front.
"Head To Communism!" calls the slogan painted across the front of a diesel locomotive built in 1948 to mark the 30th anniversary of the Soviet youth organization, the Komsomol or Young Communists' League.
The museum includes foreign-made trains as well. A brown cargo car was built in New Glasgow, Canada, back in 1915. Over the next six years, Canada and the United States built 20,000 similar wagons for the country. Later on, the design of these cars strongly influenced national projects of carriage-building. Another car on display was built in 1942 in Germany. Soviet Army troops brought it home as a trophy during the World War II.
The collection includes armored locomotives and artillery units that were used in World War II. There are also various railway appliances, such as a snow remover that could clear snow up to 90cm deep and 4.5m wide, a handy tool in much of Russia's frigid expanse.
The most recent items date to the 1960s, including electric locomotives that pull elektrichki, the trains that city dwellers pack to travel to their dachas, or country houses, in the summer.
ChS200-002 electric passenger loco built for high-speed trains on Moscow-St. Petersburg line. DC 3kV. Max.speed 200 km/h. Weight 156 tonnes. Manufactured in 1979 by Skoda Works, Pilsen in Czechoslovakia.
TEP70-0007: is a relatively modern exhibit, a diesel passenger locomotive, built by the Kolomna Works in 1977. It worked from the Orsha depot of the Belorussian Railway for most of its service life.
TEP60-0190: A 160 kph diesel passenger loco. Built by the Kolomna works in 1967. Spent its working life locally on the October Railway.
Diesel Passenger Loco TE7-013: This design was based on the T3 diesel freight class, and was intended for express passenger trains. Around 100 were built at the Kharkov plant from 1957 and they were mainly used on the Moscow to Leningrad or Kiev services.
TEP10-163, a Co-Co Diesel Passenger Locomotive built in 1965 at the Khar'kov Transport Machine-building Works. A 3000 hp loco, capable of 140 kph, it worked on the Privolzhskaya and Gorky Railways before going to the museum.
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