My Home Town : Tipaza :p
The Phoenicians founded a trading post to the fifth century BC. AD : Is this home that the city takes its name meaning "place of passage" or "stop". But the most plausible, Tipasa is the deformation of the Berber word "Tafsir" means sandstone or limestone, still in use in many parts of the Maghreb.
The city has flourished under the Numidian king Juba II and became with Caesaria (current Cherchell) one of the homes in the Greco-Roman culture in North Africa. Tipasa was then the type of the Punic city as it was in the area of ​​influence of Carthage.
Roman ruins of Tipasa
At the end of the third Punic and the siege of Carthage in 146 BC. BC, Rome annexed the Mauretania (Maghreb today).
Under the Roman Emperor Claudius I, 39 in, Tipasa is the status of Latin and municipality adopts a long wall of over two kilometers. Hadrian raised later Tipasa to the rank of Honorary colony. At the end of the second century, the city reached its peak with a rising population, as estimated by Stéphane Gsell, 20 000.
In the second century, the city grew westward Romanized at the expense of an ancient Punic necropolis. Although she was surrounded by a wall of 2 km long, this has not prevented its destruction in the year 430 by the Vandals led by Genseric.
Tipasa has, as a port, less important than Caesarea. His shipping is reduced to cabotage. The archaeological site of Tipasa contains various relics, including the remains of a basilica. Her theater had a decent-sized.
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Written Sep 11, 2011
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