"Francisco Caamaño Deño" Santiago de los Caballeros Travelogue by REYNALDOPICHARDO
Santiago de los Caballeros Travel Guide: 38 reviews and 69 photos
My Fellow Dominicans:
Because the People gave me the power, to the people I come to return what belongs to it. No power is legitimate if is not offered by the people, whose sovereign will is public source of every mandate. May 3, 1965, the National Congress honored me choosing me Constitutional President of the Dominican Republic. Only thus I could accept so high charge, because always I have believed that the right to govern cannot emanate of nobody more than not being from people themselves.
Quite legitimate it was that right, forged by our large national majorities in the purest elections of all our history, and placed in my hands at a time when the Dominican People were beaten, to blood and fire, to regain its democratic institutions. These institutions, arisen of the electoral consultation of December 20, 1962, they were devoured for the infamy and the ambition of a minority that has always despised the popular will.
The Dominicans were beaten to blood and fire, because that minority snatched its liberties September 25, 1963. That minority is the same one that has always stolen, imprisoned, deported and murdered our people. And that minority, represented by the Triunvirate that presided Donald Reid Cabral, came to believe that this country belonged it to them and that their inhabitants were its slaves.
All those vices and errors signified greater pains and misery for the people. The life was unbearable. Neither a single hope fitted in the soul of the Dominicans while they maintained governing, the thieves of the power. So that to reborn that hope was necessary to return the freely chosen government, that is to say, to the democracy of the Constitution of 1963. All it indicated that the minority ruler, that thought and acted like owner of the nation, would remain in the power still against the most alive popular claims, oriented toward the rescue of the democratic state.
The armed rebellion against the illegitimacy of its command was converted then in an imperious social need. Fruit of that need, and of the decision of the Dominicans to be free, without care for the price to pay, the glorious movement explodes the 24 of April.
That Movement, inspired in the noblest democratic spirit, was not ONE MORE COUP. Reason had the professor Juan Bosch when he said, from his obliged exile in Puerto Rico, that the Dominicans were freeing a social revolution. Thus it was because the democratic sectors of the country, after a great deal of suffering and greater frustrations, had taken deep conscience of their historical role and, united with the soldiers that respected the oath to defend the majesty of the laws, they were launched to the street in search of their lost liberty .
Heroically, with more faith than weapons, and with enormous volumes of dignity, the Dominican people opened wide the doors of History to build its future. Deep, very deep they were the roots of that fight. Since the Independence, since the Restoration, the town walked dying and conquering after its right to be free. April 24 was a gigantic step toward the construction of that right and toward the democracy that consecrates it fully.
The enemies of the people, those that above the interests of the Country place their own interests in a vain pledge by being maintained in the power, they caused to run as rivers, the generous blood. But on our dead brothers, we raise ourselves always with greater force. The Revolution advanced triumphant. America entire looked at with admiration towards this land, expecting anxious our triumph, because in it saw a victory of the democracy on the minorities opressed by that whip present, as plague in all the American Continent.
Unfortunately, April 28th, four days after initiated the Revolution, when the liberty reborned as a winner, when all a people was overturned fervently toward the encounter with the democracy, the Government of the United States of America, violating the sovereignty of our Independent State, and mocking the fundamental principles that maintain the international contact, invaded and occupied militarily our soil.
What right could they invoke the American rulers to knock down thus the liberty of a sovereign people? None! They were done guilty of a very serious crime, that attempted against our nation. Against America and against the remainder of the world. The principle of Not Intervention, fundamental base of the relations among the civilized countries, was so brutally disavowed that the world still listens itself on the vast of the planet the echo of the hardest condemnation against the invaders.
In this continent of brothers, to side the clamor of the Governments of Chile, Uruguay, Mexico, Peru and Ecuador, that channeled its international action doing honor to the continental feeling of fraternity of its respective countries, listens itself thus same, in defense of the Non Intervention and of the sovereignty of our country, the vibrant and supportive protest of millions of indignant Latin-Americans.
"The humiliation that the government of the United States of America caused to the Dominican Republic, militarily invaded, signifies also a painful humiliation for Latin America. What norms, what principles can serve to the American nations to be worth their vocation and their right to the independence, when the American rulers decide, with vain excuses and supported in the force of their guns, to impose them their political destiny? Where do they go to demand that they recognize the right of a country to be independent and owner of its own life? What agencies, what institutions will be capable to defend those rights and to encourage tthese countries to exercise them, without fear of the intrusion of the ones that have declare themselves referees of the foreign decision?
For misfortune of the Dominican Republic and for misfortune of America, the Organization of American States, instead of assuming the defense of our sovereignty, instead of sanctioning severely the military intervention to do in this way honor to the principles that says to support, only was not placed in backs to its own Constituent Letter , but also pushed, still more, the knife that today is nailed in the heart of our country.
Four days after the military American intervention, the Organization of American States decided that it had done "All the possible things to try the re-establishment of the peace and the normality in the Dominican Republic". In the text of the Resolution that express this, it cited nothing itself about the violation of our sovereignty. Nothing! Neither a single word does reference of the monstrous crime of April 28, 1965, that for a long time will touch the fragile foundation of the Pan-American legal order. Just the opposite. The Organization of American States was impelled then, ignoring and twisting the principles, in justifying and to validate the military American intervention. And thus it believed to cause creating the Pan-american Force. The Resolution that consecrates that ill-fated measure, registered like Document Rec. 2 of the Tenth American Ministers Consultation Meeting, reveals very clear the attitude of the regional agency regarding that. In fact, in it the following thing reads itself: «That the integration of a Pan-American Force will signify, ipso facto, the transformation of the present forces in Dominican territory in another force that will not be of a State but of an inter-states agency...»
Transformation! I have there the word that betrays the contact of the Organization of American States with the invaders. They transformed the «Marines» into the Pan-American Force!. That was the institutionalization of the political crime as norm of the international relations of our continent.
The American intervention came, therefore, to stop the triumph of the Dominican democracy and to prop up the minority that denies and disputes its rights to our people. After the called National Government of Reconstruction, work of the officials of the foreign intervention, was thrown to the contempt of the people, the corruption was fortified, and the crime extended to all the country
In spite of the momentous frustration that in those tragic days suffered the Revolution, the Constitutional Government decided to defend its rights. Naturally, before the violence and the force of the American power, represented by more than 40 000 soldiers, no longer was possible the armed triumph of the democratic Dominican movement. We had to negotiate with the invaders in order to conserve part of the treasure of democracy that we had begun to create.
In the month of negotiations we defended always the principles. If we abandoned some of the conquests by the ones that the Dominican people was launched to the fight, themselves did not owe to that the negotiators of the Organization of American States brought proposals of a greater democratic content that we pursued in our intial objective. We yielded only before the reality that the American intervention imposed onto us. The runner that the foreign troops established, arbitrary and unwarranted, dividing the city in two, did not have another reason than that of avoiding that our fight was extended from this glorious city, toward all the remainder of the country.
The democratic anxieties had vibrated the entire Republic. The cause that with weapons in the hands defended the city of Santo Domingo was the national cause. This city four times centennial went on the vanguard, and from it we launched ourselves, triumphant against the native oppresors. The victory of the democratic weapons was glimpsed already, and when we were about to achieved it fully, The United States of America interposed, invading us to safeguard the worst interests and the most greedy ambitions.
It was then when we had to yield in some of ours objectives, because we could not conquer with the weapons. But in spite of all the force and of all the violence of the American military power , we did not yield for fear or by fear to to be conquered. Witness is the world of the battles that we fought, of the courage and the valor of the people in the land of honor and in the battlefield.
Opportune it is that stops here to yield homage to the heroes that delivered their lives fighting for the democracy and the national sovereignty. That Unknown Combatant, that rests in this Plaza of the Constitution, is the symbol of the sacrifice and of the love of the Dominicans by its liberty. As him, thousands died. Of that seed of heroes will grow energetic the future of the country. Because heroes are the ones that gave their lifes trying to avoid that the international intervertor was present to stop our victory. Because heroes are the ones that, with stones in the hands, stopped the tanks of steel in the Bridge Duarte. Heroes are the ones that defended to the last breath the North Zone of the city; heroes are the ones that received, fearless, the air attacks in the National Palace; heroes the ones that during the days 15 and 16 of June received bravely the foreign shrapnel; heroes the ones of August 29; heroes also the ones that have died in all our fronts, in fields and cities defending the national integrity.
Never such time in the life of the Dominicans had fought himself with so much tenacity against a so superior enemy in number and in weapons. We fight, yes, with bravery of legend, because we went clearing with the reason the road of the History.
We could not conquer, but we could neither be conquered. The truth promoted by our cause was the greater force and the major breath to resist. And we resisted! That it is our triumph because without the tenacious resistance that opposed, today we could not boast of the objectives achieved.
We yielded, is certain, but they, the invaders that came to impede our revolution, to destroy our cause they had to yield also before the revolutionary spirit of our town.
There they are, speaking for themselves, the conquests reached and that are evident, enlarged by the blood of the fallen, in the Institutional Minutes and in the Dominican Minutes of Reconciliation. They have recognized us multiple social and economic rights. We have achieved the free obsession of elections to brief time limit. We have conquered the public liberties, the respect to the human rights; the return of the exiled politicians, the right of every Dominican to live in its country without fear to to be deported. But, above all, we have achieved a conquest inapreciable, of fertile future projections: ¡The democratic conscience! Conscience against the coup, against the administrative corruption, against the nepotismo, against the exploitation and against the interventionism. We have conquered historic conscience of our own destiny. In short, conscience of the town in its force, that if April 24 served to defeat to the military and civil oligarchies, today, nourished by that marvelous experience and this amazing fight will permit it to forge, in the peace or in the war, its liberty and its independence. Awoke the people because it awoke its conscience!
Those are the achievements of this revolution. Not only ours, but also of America. The principles that here have been defended are the same that today touch to all its nations. When the towns situated al south of the Rio Bravo expressed their solidarity with our fight, together with the fraternal stimulus went also, deeply united, their more priceless and intimate aspirations. From Mexico to Argentina the democracy is the dream of millions of men that want to become reality. Creative dream of peace, of peace and liberty with decore. But that beautiful dream is disturbed, to being become nightmare, by the greed and the alien exploitation of minorities and the noble ideal of the human contact.
If some merit fits me for to have participated with distinction in this democratic revolution, thanks to the honorable presidential mandate that the Honorable National Congress offered me, is not other than to have understood that painful reality of our people, and to have fought ardently to try transforming it into a loaded future of hopes.
I believe firmly that the Dominican people will finish achieving its happiness, and April 24 will be always a stimulating symbol toward the final attainment of her. It is our obligation, as defenders of the democracy, to fertilize the seeds that generously began in that immortal date. But certifying it with growing enthusiasm, with all the spirit, without hesitancys, without rest. The best way to do it it's in the union of us all, in the caution of all of us, ready for tomorrow, as it we have been today, to run all the risks in defense of the Dominican democracy and of the national honor.
Before the Dominican people, before its worthy representatives that here embody the Honorable National Congress, I renounce like Constitutional President of the Republic. God willing and the people achieve it, that this be the last time in our history that a legitimate Government have to abandon the power under the national or foreign pressure of forces. I have faith in which thus will be.
Finally, I invite all the people here met to do the following oath:
In name of the ideals of the Trinitarios and restaurateurs that forged the Dominican Republic.
They inspired in the generous sacrifice of our military and civil brothers fallen in the constitutional fight.
Interpreting the feelings of the Dominican people.
We swear to fight for the retreat of the foreign troops that are found in the territory of our country.
We swear to fight for the force of the democratic liberties and the human rights and not to permit any plot to re-establish the tyranny.
We swear to fight for the union of all the patriotic sectors to do to our fully democratic, fully sovereign, fully free nation.
Francisco Caamaño Deño
Constitutional President of the Dominican Republic
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