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"Rhino" Big 5 Tip by mvtouring

Big 5, Kruger National Park: 42 reviews and 66 photos

by mvtouring

Vital statistics

Weight white rhino up to 2000 kg, black rhino up to 1500 kg
Shoulder height : 1,6 m.
They walk fast at 28 km/h and trot at 40 km/h
A rhino lives 30 to 40 years.
Estimated there are ......white rhinos and ...... black rhinos in the Kruger

Notes of Interest

The differences between the two are that the white rhino is a grazer with a big wide mouth, and the black rhino has a pointed mouth with a prehensile upper lip used to strip leaves from branches. He keeps his head in line with his back most of the time and lifts his head higher to feed on leaves whilst the white rhino keeps his head low down.

The white rhino, the less aggressive of the two, is larger and prefers open spaces (which made him an easier target for hunters. He holds is head low to the ground, more placid and less prone to attack.

They are the same colour, "white" deriving from the Afrikaans name "wydmond"

Horn lengths have been recorded at 160 cm for white rhino and 135cm for black but they are not true horns but an outgrowth of dermal papillae in the skin - something like compressed hair. The horn will regrow if broken off.

Rhinos have poor eyesight but acute sense of smell and hearing. Rhinos can rotate their ears independently.

Rhinos are not gregarious but white rhino may be seen in groups of 5 or 6 but black rhinos are usually alone or with a mate.

Rhinos mark areas but are not strictly territorial even though bulls will not tolerate each other. .A white rhino may have a rubbing post often polished to a fine surface.

Rhinos defecate in middens and frequently scatter the dung with their hind legs

Rhinos pay little attention to other mammals, even at close range and predation on them except by man is minimal.

One calf is born about every 3 years weighing about 45 kg. The calf of the white rhino runs in front of the mother, and the calf of the black rhino runs behind.

Review Helpfulness: 3.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Written Oct 11, 2004
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