"Vatnajokull" Top 5 Page for this destination Iceland Sports & Outdoors Tip by JLBG
Iceland Sports & Outdoors: 54 reviews and 70 photos
Vatnajokull (2119m) is the largest glacier of Europe with an area of about 8,100 km2, an average thickness of 400 m and the greatest thickness of about 1100 m. It contains approximately 3300 km3 of ice. The latest eruptions of the lake region took place in 1996 and 1998.
In 1996, the eruption started beneath the glacier during the evening of September 30. On October 16, scientists stated that the meltwater, which had been accumulating under the ice shelf in the Grímsvötn caldera lake, could begin draining at any time to trigger a jökulhlaup (glacial outburst flood). On November 5 the expected jökulhlaup began.
The 900 m long bridge across Gygja river was totally destroyed by the jökulhlaup and the 35 km long road that went across the plain was severely damaged. At it's peak, the flow was 15,000 m3/second
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