"Pantheon: The crown jewel of Roman architecture" Pantheon Tip by melissa_bel
Pantheon, Rome: 268 reviews and 564 photos
The Pantheon is without a doubt the best preserved Roman monument. It is also one of the most copied piece of architecture in the world. People who know Washington DC will see similarities with the Jefferson Memorial and if you look at the ceiling of Union Station, you’ll notice it’s the same motif used in Pantheon's dome! The original building was ordered by Agrippa, one of emperor’s August most trusted general and was build in 26 AD. In fact, it is the Emperor Hadrian himself who designed the building we see now and had it built almost a century later but he preserved the heritage of Agrippa as you can read his name on top of the building. It is a temple dedicated to all the gods (Pan-Theos, in Greek means all-the gods). It used to be covered in shimmering marble, decorated with numerous statues and it has a huge bronze door. In 605, it was converted as a Christian Church (it still today) as Santa Maria ad Martyram. The Pantheon was stripped of most of its riches partially by order of Pope Urban VII who had the door stripped and melted the metal to make the canopy for the high altar of the Basilica of Saint-Peter, partially to make cannons for the Castel Sant'Angelo. The first thing you notice are those huge pillars and when you get in, the dome with its center hole designed to let the light flood in is striking. As a whole, the Pantheon is just impressive in its simplicity and the purity of its lines. You will also find the graves of different kings (Umberto I and Vittorio-Emmanuelle II) of Italy but also the genius painter Raphael who died really young. There is also the grave of queen Margherita (after which the famous -and patriotic- pizza is named after).
Address: Piazza della Rotonda
Phone: +39 06 6830 0230
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