"Temple of Ba Bar" Top 5 Page for this destination Bahrain Things to Do Tip by kenyneo

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  for a Sumerian God ..Enki
by kenyneo

The Epic of Gilgamesh mentions a visit to Dilmun to this fountain of youth located in the center of Ba bar temple

It is believed that Barbar Temples were built to worship the God Enki and his wife Nankhur Sak and their son Anzak. Around Enki and Nankhur Zak revolves the famous epic of paradise, and they are originally from the gods of Mesopotamia, and later their son Anzak became the master god in Dilmun.

The most interesting thing in Barbar Temple is that it is built on a spring of water on which there is a basin of the sacred well surrounded by walls of stone. Most probably the place was allocated for washing or ablution for the worshippers who descended the staircase from the upper structure of the temple to this holy spring.

At the top of the staircase is the temple in which Enki and his wife were worshipped, as indicated by two altars. The fact that a temple is built on the water spring is the belief that Subterranean water is the abode of God Enki, the god of wisdom and freshwater, and that the purifying power of water is that which make Enki a god of purification and magic. There are still traces of walls and remnants of two altars to sacrifice offerings, which are built of smoothed stones in a circular shape. In the middle of the temple there is a rectangular platform which forms the main court.

The temple was built in three stages stretching from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. The first temple of oval shape was built around 3000 BC, while the second was built of lime stones nearly 2500 BC, and the third temple was built between 2100 BC to 2000 BC, which is also of lime stones.

The three Barbar temples are all built one on top of the other, which is a feature of Sumerian temples, where the higher is built on the ruins of the lower and the most ancient, when it collapses and falls.

Barbar Temples are located in the village of Barbar, the first of which discovered in 1954 by the Danish Excavation Expedition

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  • Written Mar 2, 2004
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