"Learn about the impenetrable language of Euskadi" Spain Things to Do Tip by DanielF

Spain Things to Do: 1,013 reviews and 1,618 photos

  San Antón and the clean Nervión river
by DanielF

Euskadi is an Autonomous Community within Spain which is divided into three provinces coinciding with three of the seven historical territories of the Greater Basque Country, the area of Basque language and culture, straddling across the border between Spain and France.

The word Euskadi is a neologism invented by the father of the Basque nationalist movement in the 19th century to refer to the region inhabited by the Basques, as traditionally, Basques had sworn allegiance to their very own province, but the links between those provinces were purely cultural. Only with the advent of the 2nd Republic in Spain was an autonomous Basque government established for the provinces of Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa and Araba, which are the ones included in the territory of Euskadi.

Even if it has been traditionally one of the most forward-looking and industrious regions in Spain, Euskadi remains one of the most mysterious corners of Western Europe. The origins of its obscure language are yet to be explained. The abrupt geography has allowed for the preservation of the traditional lifestyles of fishermen in the secluded coastal towns and of farmers in the remote valleys, whereas cutting-edge facilities and industries have transformed the region in one of the main industrial poles in Spain. That has translated also in exquisite cities with enviable cultural agendas and sophisticated citizens who can enjoy one of the highest concentrations of top restaurants in the world.

In this picture you can see one of the most traditional faces of Bilbao, Euskadi's largest city: the church and bridge of Saint Anton, depicted in the coat of arms of the city. See more Euskadi pictures in these pages.

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  • Updated Jul 7, 2008
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