"Horologion of Andronicos (Tower of the Winds)" Tower of the Winds Tip by amsterdam_vallon

Tower of the Winds, Athens: 18 reviews and 31 photos

  Horologion of Andronicos (Tower of the Winds)
by amsterdam_vallon

The octagonal tower (3.20 m. long on each side) stands on a base of three steps and is built of white Pentelic marble. It has a conical roof, a cylindrical annex on the south side, and two Corinthian porches, one on the NE and one on the NW side. At the top of each of the eight sides there is a relief representation of a wind, symbolized by a male figure with the appropriate attributes and its name inscribed on the stone.

The name of the eight winds of the tower :
- Notos (south) is the bearer of rain, emptying a pitcher of water.
- Euros (southeast) is a bearded man, warmly wrapped in a cloak.
- Apeliotes (east) is a young man bringing fruits and grain.
- Zephyros (west) is a seminaked youth scattering flowers.
- Lips (southwest) holds the aphlaston (stern ornament) of a ship as he steers.
- Boreas (north) represented as a man wearing a heavy cloak blowing through a twisted conch shell
- Kaikias (northeast) is represented as a man carrying and emptying a shield full of small round objects that some have interpreted as hailstones.
- Skiron (northwest) represented as a bearded man carrying a bronze pot full of hot ashes and charcoal.

There were sundials on the external walls and an elaborate waterclock in the interior. The tower was built in the first half of the 1st century B.C. by the astronomer Andronicos, from Kyrrhos in Macedonia.

In the early Christian period, the Tower of the Winds was converted into a church or a baptesterion of an adjacent church, while the area outside the NE entrance was occupied by a Christian cemetery. In the 15th century A.D., Cyriacus of Ancona mentions the monument as the temple of Aeolos while an anonymous traveller refers to it as a church. In the 18th century it was used as the tekke of the Dervishes.

The photo show the details of the reliefs on the north face of the Tower of the Winds.

Openings hours :
From November 1st to March 31: Daily: 08:30 - 15:00, Monday: closed
From July 1st to October 31: Daily: 08.30 - 15.00, Monday: closed

Address: Roman Agora
Directions: Inside the Roman Agora, Plaka

Review Helpfulness: 2 out of 5 stars

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  • Written Dec 29, 2003
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