"Cutting Through Isthmus: The Corinth Canal" Top 5 Page for this destination Greece Things to Do Tip by deecat
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1. Click: panoramic view of Corinth Canal
2. Corinth canal connects the Aagean & Ionian Seas.
3. Athens Shipyard on the way to Corinth.
ne of our first stops on the first full day of our tour was the CORINTH CANAL which connects the Aegean Sea to the Ionian.
Ships were once dragged over land from one sea to the other before the canal was built. This area was known as DIOLKOS.
Even in these ancient times, the sea-faring Greeks envisioned cutting a canal across theIsthmus to link the 2 Gulfs permanently so all ships could avoid a dangerous journey past %gCape Maleas%c*. Emperor Nero first attempted this difficult feat, but he died shortly after the project began, & the Greeks abandoned the project.
As one can see from the picture, this is a long canal, and a formidable task to complete. The distance between Athens & Corinth is about 80 kilometers.
When leaving Attica to enter the PELOPONNESE, you cross an "Isthmus", a narrow and low-lying tongue of land, which links Central Greece with the Peloponnese & with the eastern parts of the Saronic Gulf. This stretch of land is called "Isthmus of Corinth". It was the only land bridge between the north & south...for people, commodities, & armies ( in ancient times). So, in antiquity, two important ports were born on both sides of the Isthmus: Lechaion on the Gulf of Corinth & Kenchreai on the shores of the Saronic Gulf.
But once the canal was complete, transportation & travel improved.
The Corinth Canal is about 6,000 meters long and about 25 meters wide, with a depth of 8 meters. The earth cliffs flanking it on both sides reach a maximum height of 60+ meters!
Today, two large bridges (one for rail & one, the National Road) exist. They had to be rebuilt after WWII. These bridges link Central Greece with the Peloponnese, but it's below these bridges that fairly large ships are piloted directly from one sea to the other.
What a remarkable accomplishment.
Address: On the Isthmus of Corinth
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