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Saint Catherine's monastery was built 1400 years ago by Emperor Justinian, encompassing the great church built by St. Helena, the mother of St.Constantine in 330 AD.
Saint Catherine was born in Alexandria in 294 AD, and educated in a pagan school. Born to a wealthy family, she rejected their ways and was taught of Jesus Christ by a Syrian monk, and she converted to the Christian faith.
Later in the 4th century, during the persecution of the Christians, she held her faith and confessed her beliefs. Many wise men tried to dissuade her, but she, on the contrary, persuaded them to believe in Jesus. Under torture, she again managed to persuade members of the Emperors family and members of the Roman aristocracy to convert to the Christian faith.
After her execution, her body vanished, and according to tradition, angels transported it to the peaks of the highest Mountain in Sinai, which now bears her name. This tradition is supported by the fact that monks from the monastery were guided by a dream 3 centuries later to the peak of Saint Catherine’s Mount where they found her body. Saint Catherine's martyrdom was carried to Europe by the Crusaders, and she became accepted as a major saint.
Saint Catherine's Monastery is open to the public to this day, and governed by Greek Orthodox monks, it continues to be an attraction for people of all faiths and cultures.
Address: St Catherine's Protectorate
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