"Isabella and Ferdinand's Coat of Arms" Alhambra - Nasrid Palaces Tip by dlytle

Alhambra - Nasrid Palaces, Granada: 146 reviews and 281 photos

  Catholic Kings Crest - Courtyard of the Lions
by dlytle

Christian "Reconquest", or the "Reconquista", was one of the most important forces in the shaping of culture in 12th and 13th-century Spain. Given that these centuries were also those of the Crusades in the Holy Land, the Spanish Reconquista eventually acquired an aura of Holy War. The church offered indulgences and pardons, like those given to Christian soldiers who volunteered to risk their lives for the cross in the Holy Land, to European Christians who would go to the aid of the Christian monarchs of Spain in their fight against the Moors. In 1212 A.D., Islamic armies suffered a crippling defeat at the battle of "Las Navas de Tolosa", a blow from which the Muslim state never recovered.

By the beginning of the 14th century, Muslim possessions in the peninsula had been reduced to the kingdom of Granada, an area only slightly larger than that which had belonged to Granada in the 11th century. The Christian kingdoms were in positions of ever-increasing political and economic power.

The Nasrid?s were in place as kings of the area around Granada by the middle of the 13th century. By 1243, however, the Nasrid?s were already paying tributes to Christian sovereigns such as Alfonso X. Although many anecdotes exist concerning the friendship between the a Christian king and one of the Nasrid sovereigns during the 14th century, such alliances and moments of understanding were not enough to postpone the inevitable. On 2 January of 1492, Boabdil was exiled, and the "Catholic Kings" Ferdinand and Isabella took possession of his sumptuous palace, the Alhambra. In was in the Hall of Ambassadors, in the Comares Palace, that Boabdil?s surrender took place. Only a few months later, Isabella and Ferdinand received Columbus in that Hall and sent him on his way to discover the New World.

As you enter the Courtyard of the Lions through the passageway from Comares Palace, look up and to your left and you will see Isabella and Ferdinand?s crest carved into the Stucco near the ceiling commemorating their victory over the Moors.

Address: Calle Real s/n
Directions: advanced booking is advised to prevent crowdings
Phone: + 34 958 227 525
Website: http://www.alhambra-patronato.es

Review Helpfulness: 2.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Written Oct 20, 2003
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