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"Beautiful Turkish carpets." Turkey Local Custom Tip by EricLe_Rouge

Turkey Local Customs: 406 reviews and 378 photos

  Turkish carpet.
by EricLe_Rouge

Most hand made rugs can be classified as carpets or kilims. Hand made carpets have a woven backing of warp and weft. The thickness of the carpet comes from the pile, which is made of colourful knotted yarn. There are two basic knots used in carpet making. Persian carpets are made with single knots, and Turkish carpets are made with double knots.
The district of Izmir and to the north of Izmir. The carpets from this area are almost entirely of nomad or semi -nomad origin and owe their names to the city where they are send to sell. The three most important weaving centers of the Bergama region are Yağcıbedir, Yuntdağ and Kazak.
The most important traditional characteristic of this carpets are that the base compositions are made of geometrial divisions . The designs being in harmony with the base design are geometrical too. As in all Turkish carpets, Bergama rugs use the Turkısh knot. The looms used in the Bergama area are almost exclusively horizontal. The warp and weft is in wool and only within the last few decades cotton has been introduced.
A characteristic by which to identify a Bergama rug is that the weft threads are almost always red and as many as three or four are used between the rows of knots . If you look at the back of a Bergama rug, you can see the red stripes formed by the weft threads. The fairly deep pile is always wool of good quality and luster. Another peculiarity of Bergama rugs is that they are nearly square in shape. They are usually found in all sizes.

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  • Updated Aug 19, 2003
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