"Avignon - Palais des papes background" France Things to Do Tip by speed4turtles
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Many vestiges, especially 2 graves from the Cardial period attest that Avignon was occupied since the year 3000 BC. The Chassean civilization which followed was the first builder of the town.
Around the year 2000 BC., an important Neolithic town, covering several hectares, extended on the slope of the Rocher des Doms and the banks of the Rhone. The site had already had many occupations since those times, that Avignon could be considered as one of the most ancient towns in Europe
The city went through the ages. After it had been a Celto-Ligurian capital, a Phocaean colony, it had its own money with its name on it, AOYE, then it became a romanesque city. The antic Avenio, used to cover a surface of 46 hectares, the exhumed elements witness a wealthy city, even if the architecture (because of the ages) did not leave many apparent elements. Known as one of 80 cities of Gaul under the Emperor August, a Latin colony under Claude, then it was promoted to the grade of Roman city during the IIth century under Hadrien.
Its population went up until 27 000 inhabitants. During the Barbarian invasions which accompanied the fall of the Roman Empire, Avignon withdrew to shelter around the rock. It became an advanced castle with the Burgond kingdom, its history was long series of shares, wars and bleeding sieges until the XIIth century.
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