"The Palatine" Palatine Hill Tip by martin_nl

Palatine Hill, Rome: 78 reviews and 157 photos

  Pavillions of the Farnese gardens
by martin_nl

According to Varro (116-27BC), a celebrated scholar of Roman antiquities, Rome was founded on the Palatine in 754BC by Romulus, who traced a furrow with a plough to mark its confines. This was of course rather fanciful, but the fact is that the Palatine was the site of the earliest Latin settlement. Throughout the republican period numerous temples were erected. The hill eventually became the residence of Roman ruling class and here Augustus was born. You can still find the Houses of him and his wife Livia on the hill.

When you enter the Palatine from the Forum, the first thing you see are the Farnese gardens. Right under where the pavillions pictured were built are the ruins of Tiberius' Palace. These ruins were bought by Alessandro Farnese, grandson of Pope Paul III, around 1550. He asked Vignola, who was also the architect of the interior of the Gesù church to design a garden for him.

Directions: The main entrance is at the Via di San Gregorio, east of the Palatine. Another entrance is south of the Arch of Titus on the Via Sacra on the Forum.
Phone: +39 06 3996 7700
Website: http://archeoroma.beniculturali.it/en/archaeological-site/roman-forum-and-palatine-hill

Review Helpfulness: 3.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Updated May 28, 2003
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