"The Temple of Heaven" Temple of Heaven Tip by kittyzhaojin
Temple of Heaven, Beijing: 229 reviews and 504 photos
In 1420 the Emperor Zhu Di had decided to move the national capital to Beijing. But the capital city needed an altar to Heaven. So the construction of the altar, later known as Temple of Heaven, was under way in the rapidly extending city.
"The ancients said, 'The most important state affair is sacrifice and the most important sacrifice is to Heaven.' The ancient book Zuo Zhuan, or Zuo's Commentaries, also said, 'The first thing for the state is sacrifice and war.' This means the first thing is to worship Heaven," said Xu Zhichang, general engineer in the Heaven?|Temple Park.
"A temple of Heaven was indispensable in the planning of ancient Chinese cities. Because the 'son of Heaven', namely the emperor, reigned on behalf of Heaven. Besides, agriculture was the main part of Chinese civilisation, so Heaven was very important, because people lived at the mercy of the natural elements, or Heaven. People attached importance to Heaven, the earth, the sun, the moon and stars. The emperor would attend the sacrificial ceremonies in person," said Luo Zhewen, expert from the State Bureau of Historical Relics.
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