"Dynasties" China Favorite Tip by Sharrie
China General: 365 reviews and 336 photos
Favorite thing: HISTORY OF CHINA.
Promoted agricultural & irrigation schemes & tax reforms.
Succeeded by Tang Dynasty. One of the dynasties that brought major advances in the world of arts.
21 rulers. Notable are:
1. Tai Zong - A man of great political ability who favored Confucianism, Buddhism & Daoism. Under his rule, the empire restored to previous glories.
2. On his death Empress Wu Zhao (Wu Ze Tian) deposed her own sons & became the only woman ever to hold Chinese Throne.
3. The Empress was succeeded by Xuan Zong who reinforced central power, encouraged culture, civil & religious tolerance. Central power later weakened due to the advantage of military governorates. Period of religious persecution ensued & Buddhist monasteries were confiscated.
Last Tang emperor Aidi was deposed in AD 907.
This is the dynasty that provided the Chinese people 50 years of economic & cultural advances which lead to peace & prosperity.
The discovery of compass rendered safe sea navigation & trading partners were established.
Movable print types created new ways of communication.
It was this period that China became one of the richest & most advanced nations in the world.
Song army was destroyed by the Mongols under the leadership of Genghis Khan. The conquerors destroyed the agricultural economy when they took hold of China & transformed the farmland into pasture & confiscated the horses.
Under the Mongol ruling, 4-class system emerged.
The Hans resisted the Mongol ruling for 20 years before the Yuan Dynasty was overthrown & China entered a new era.
Fondest memory: (Cont. from above)
Foreign contacts were established with many expeditions to East Africa, Red Sea & Southern seas. During the 15th & 16th century the world was circumnavigated & Voyages of Discovery took place.
In 1516, Portuguese landed & settled in Macao. The Spanish, Dutch & English came in 1637.
The Manchus were the people who crushed the weak Ming nobility & founded the Qing Dynasty. Repressive measures such as the obligation to wear Manchurian dress & pigtail & banning of mixed marriages were undertaken during this period.
Emperor Kang Xi annexed state of Formosa, provinces of Yunnan, Tibet & Mongolia. Vietnam & Korea became Chinese protectorates.
Foreign powers - Opium War (1840-1842): British imported opium from India to China. Qing's attempt to halt the trade of opium led to war with Britain. The Nanking Treaty forced China to allow the opening of 5 ports for foreign trades & to relinquish Hong Kong to Great Britain.
In 1864, the Chinese finally rose against the Qing & revolted (Taiping Revolt). The rebels advocated the teaching of Taoism, introduced right to own property & sought to create a society where land was distributed evenly & men & women shared equal rights. However, it was suppressed by the foreign troops & imperial army. The foreign powers further unleashed another Opium War & the Qing were forced to yield, handling over territories. In 1887 France claimed Vietnam & opening of the cities of Long Zhou & Meng Zi while Japan took over Taiwan in 1895.
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