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"Dynasties" China Favorite Tip by Sharrie

China General: 365 reviews and 336 photos

  Great Wall of China (Postcard)
by Sharrie

Favorite thing: HISTORY OF CHINA.

Sui Dynasty:

AD 581-618.
Promoted agricultural & irrigation schemes & tax reforms.
Succeeded by Tang Dynasty. One of the dynasties that brought major advances in the world of arts.

Tang Dynasty:

AD 618-907.
21 rulers. Notable are:

1. Tai Zong - A man of great political ability who favored Confucianism, Buddhism & Daoism. Under his rule, the empire restored to previous glories.
2. On his death Empress Wu Zhao (Wu Ze Tian) deposed her own sons & became the only woman ever to hold Chinese Throne.
3. The Empress was succeeded by Xuan Zong who reinforced central power, encouraged culture, civil & religious tolerance. Central power later weakened due to the advantage of military governorates. Period of religious persecution ensued & Buddhist monasteries were confiscated.

Last Tang emperor Aidi was deposed in AD 907.

Song Dynasty:

AD 960-1279.
This is the dynasty that provided the Chinese people 50 years of economic & cultural advances which lead to peace & prosperity.
The discovery of compass rendered safe sea navigation & trading partners were established.
Movable print types created new ways of communication.
It was this period that China became one of the richest & most advanced nations in the world.

Yuan Dynasty:

AD 1271-1368.
Song army was destroyed by the Mongols under the leadership of Genghis Khan. The conquerors destroyed the agricultural economy when they took hold of China & transformed the farmland into pasture & confiscated the horses.
Under the Mongol ruling, 4-class system emerged.
The Hans resisted the Mongol ruling for 20 years before the Yuan Dynasty was overthrown & China entered a new era.

Fondest memory: (Cont. from above)

Ming Dynasty:

AD 1368-1644.
Foreign contacts were established with many expeditions to East Africa, Red Sea & Southern seas. During the 15th & 16th century the world was circumnavigated & Voyages of Discovery took place.
In 1516, Portuguese landed & settled in Macao. The Spanish, Dutch & English came in 1637.

Qing Dynasty:

AD 1644-1911.
The Manchus were the people who crushed the weak Ming nobility & founded the Qing Dynasty. Repressive measures such as the obligation to wear Manchurian dress & pigtail & banning of mixed marriages were undertaken during this period.
Emperor Kang Xi annexed state of Formosa, provinces of Yunnan, Tibet & Mongolia. Vietnam & Korea became Chinese protectorates.
Foreign powers - Opium War (1840-1842): British imported opium from India to China. Qing's attempt to halt the trade of opium led to war with Britain. The Nanking Treaty forced China to allow the opening of 5 ports for foreign trades & to relinquish Hong Kong to Great Britain.
In 1864, the Chinese finally rose against the Qing & revolted (Taiping Revolt). The rebels advocated the teaching of Taoism, introduced right to own property & sought to create a society where land was distributed evenly & men & women shared equal rights. However, it was suppressed by the foreign troops & imperial army. The foreign powers further unleashed another Opium War & the Qing were forced to yield, handling over territories. In 1887 France claimed Vietnam & opening of the cities of Long Zhou & Meng Zi while Japan took over Taiwan in 1895.

Review Helpfulness: 2.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Written Feb 25, 2003
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