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"Empires" China Favorite Tip by Sharrie

China General: 365 reviews and 336 photos

  Xian (Postcard)
by Sharrie

Favorite thing: HISTORY OF CHINA.

First Empire:

Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC).
Qin Shi Huang Di. First Emperor of Qin Dynasty:
* Introduced administrative structure conducive to central control, limiting privileges of aristocracy.
* Unified systems of writing, money & measurement.
* Initiated construction of gigantic public works leaving a distinctive mark on Chinese history. His tombs (in Xian) protected by 7000 terracotta soldiers (life-sizes) in full battle array is a marvellous sight & one should take time to visit.
Completion of Great Wall of China.
* Network of roads was constructed to link all parts of China. Silk Road was established to link China with cities in Middle East.
* Weapons, cultural heritage, scientific works were all ordered to be destroyed & supporters of Confucianism persecuted.
* In 206 BC, Liu Bang & Xian Yu brought the Qin Dynasty to an end.

Early Empire:

Liu Bang became 1st Emperor of Han Dynasty.
Established capital at Chang An. Shared power with 7 kings.
Wu Di, one of the emperors who ruled for 54 years during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC - AD 9) enjoyed immense prosperity & borders of the empire were extended with Chinese influence reaching Western regions along the Silk Route. Trading with other cultures were promoted & arts & sciences flourished.
Xin Dynasty (AD 9-24).
In AD 25, Liu Xiu restored the Han Dynasty & established his capital at Luo Yang, reintroducing aristocracy. Child emperors held throne from AD 89-220. Power struggles broke out between palace eunachs & dowager empresses leading to disintegration of the empire.

(Cont. below)

Fondest memory: (Cont. from above)

Three Kingdoms Period:

AD 220-280.

Sixteen Kingdoms Period:

AD 304-439.
Buddhist religion was introduced from India & was well practised during these 2 periods.
Period of division with continual warfare & territorial fragmentation.

Northern Dynasty & Southern Dynasty:

Tuoba (Xian Bei Origin) people settled in Shaan Xi & founded Northern Wei Dynasty (AD 386-581) extending power to whole of Northern China.
Transferred capital to Luo Yang in AD 493 & assimilated Chinese customs. In AD 535, split between Western Wei Kingdom (favored Tuoba) & Eastern Kingdom (favored integration).
Western Wei succeeded by Northern Zhou which in turn was later overthrowned by Yang Jian who conquered the Southern provinces & reunified the empire founding the Sui Dynasty.

Review Helpfulness: 2.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Written Feb 25, 2003
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