"Celsus Library, Ephesus" Turkey Things to Do Tip by Sharrie
Turkey Things to Do: 1,137 reviews and 1,882 photos
CELSUS LIBRARY: The main attraction in Ephesus & centerpiece of manmade wonders of ancient world. Celsus Library was constructed in loving memory of his father (Celsus Polemaenus, a governor of Ephesus) under the instruction of Julius Aquila in 110 AD (completed in 135 AD) over the tomb of Celsus. Celsus was known to be a great lover of books, hence the library.
Celsus Library was one of the largest library in ancient world with an estimate of 12,000 to 15,000 scrolls. The main room measures 16 X 10 m while the facade is about 21 m wide & 16 m high. Excavations on behalf of the Austrian Archaeological Institute uncovered this library along with the Theater, the Arcadiane & the Agora. It was said that due to legal loopholes then, the reliefs & 4 female statues from the facade of The Library were all transfered to Kunsthistorische Museum in Vienna. So, what we saw now are copies. Incidentally, the 4 female statues represent wisdom (sophia), knowledge (episteme), intelligence (ennoia) and virtue (arete)!
By the way, guess what was across from the Library. The brothel! ;-)
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