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Palazzo di Re Enzo, Bologna: 7 reviews and 18 photos
Since Palazzo dei Podesta turned out to be far too small to hold the great number of politicians ot the time, the building was enlarged in 1245 and called Palatium Novum. Torre Lamberti, incorporated in the corner of the palace, was purchased in 1294 by the city government of Bologna, in order to enlarge the reidence, formed by Palatium Vetus, the complex before the Podesta and Palatium Novum, the so-called Re Enzo. The Palace was later called King Vincent (Re Enzo) Palace, as Vincent, King of Sardinia, had been held prisoner in the Palace for twenty-three years.
King Vincent, actually Re Enzo in Italian version, was a stepson of the Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen, one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors. Frederick II was the crowned King of Sicily and it was his full names. Re Enzo, the King of Sardinia, was the imperial vicar in Northen Italy, and resided in Cremona. Re Enzo was the leader of Ghibellines army against the Bolognese Guelphs in the battle of Fossalta in 1249. This battle was just an episode of the many wars between Guelphs and Ghibellines with no importance at all. The Ghibellines army was defeated at Fossalta while Re Enzo was captured and brought to Bologna. He was imprisoned in Palatium Novum, which after that historical episode changed name into Palazzo Re Enzo.
Re Enzo was allegedly left free within the palace by day, allowed to meet visitors but also some women too. During night, however, he was kept into a cage hanging from the ceilling. In his will Re Enzo mentioned three daughters but a local legend talks about a son he had from a paesant Lucia di Viadogala. According to that legend, whenever his son was passing by, Enzo was calling him up from the window "amore mio, ben ti voglio", meaning "my love I love you so much". The locals called his son Bentivoglio and he would be the ancestor of the Bentivoglio family, later rulers of Bologna.
Address: Piazza Maggiore
Directions: This is the view of the Palace from Via Rizzoli.
Phone: 051 637 5111
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