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"It was during the 4th century..." Kiev Local Custom Tip by Tolik

Kiev Local Customs: 85 reviews and 116 photos

  The Gora Zamok (Castle Mountain)
by Tolik

It was during the 4th century BC. that the Scythian kingdom reached the hightest economic, political, social and cultural development. Many nomads became sedentary in the north Black Sea and Kamenskoe Gorodishche was the economic, political and trading capital of Scythia in the 4th till the first half of the 3rd century BC. Herodotus described that another great Scythian city, which he called Gelon, was built in the valleys of the Dnieper River. Modern archeological excavations confirmed that the city was founded in the 9th century BC on the right bank of the Vorskla River in the area between modern Kuzemyn and Bilsk (Eastern Ukraine). The great king Atheas united all the Scythian tribes and expanded his territory to Tracian border on the rigth bank of the Danube. In 339 B.C., Atheas was killed at age of 90 in the battle with Philip of Macedon. However the Scythian kingdom remained strong and wealthy. The outside threat did not disturb their stability until the Celts and the Thracians swept in from the west and the Sarmatians from the east starting at the second half of the 3rd century BC.; the Scythian kingdom was absorbed by other nomdic powers and pretty much disappeared in the history.

On the Picture: the Gora Zamok (Castle Mountain) - a hill overlooking the Vorskla River near the ancient city of Gelon © Iren Kossintseva

Review Helpfulness: 2.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Written Nov 19, 2002
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