"Climb to the Temple of the Sun - Ollantaytambo" Ollantaytambo Tip by al2401
Ollantaytambo, Cusco: 15 reviews and 38 photos
Ollantaytambo is the name of a small town and an Inca archaeological site on the Urubamba River, about 60 kilometers northwest of Cusco. It is located at an altitude of almost 2,800 metres above sea level and is the most popular site in the Sacred Valley. It was built by the Incan emperor Pachacuti in the middle 1400's. He also constructed extensive terraces and established an irrigation system in the Urubamba Valley.
During the Spanish invasion of Peru the site was used as a fortress by the Inca resistance against the conquistadors. in 1536 they defeated the Spanish by halting their advance and flooding the plain. The site was abandoned shortly after.
The terraces of Ollantaytambo are built to a higher standard to most with smooth high walls of cut stone compared with the normal rough stone. On top of the terraces is the unfinished Sun Temple. The huge stones were quarried from a site across the river - what an amazing feat to transport them.
One the mountains across from the terraces there are remains of Inca storehouses.
Entrance is with the Tourist Ticket.
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