"Exchange at the Presidio #2" Top 5 Page for this destination Downtown Tip by Yaqui

Downtown, Tucson: 38 reviews and 118 photos


There Five Plaques, but three are dedicated to the individuals in the statue: I only took a picture of one.

Jefferson Hunt
1803 - 1879
Captain, Company ?A? of the Mormon Battalion. While in Tucson, Hunt was in charge of negotiating the exchange of goods with the local citizenry. Days later on the trail, Hunt made friendly contacts with Pima Indians along the Gila River. This contact very likely aided the Mormons in their colonization of the Salt River Valley, where Phoenix is now located. Called by Brigham Young in 1851 to colonize San Bernardino, Hunt remained in California until 1857, when he finally returned to Utah

The Mormon Battalion
In July 1846, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (?Mormons?) were in desperate condition. With their prophet, Joseph Smith, martyred, they had fled their homes and farms in Illinois and were living in makeshift shelters along the banks of the Missouri River in Iowa. Seeking escape from further prosecution, Mormon leader Brigham Young decided to resettle his people in the Far West. Early in 1846, he wrote to President James Knox Polk requesting federal aid for their exodus. Before a response could be received, the United States declared war on Mexico. In answer to Young?s request General Stephen W. Kearny was authorized to enlist ?a few hundred Mormons? as part of his Army of the West. Sensing the opportunity to move a large number of his people west with federal support, Brigham Young encouraged the Mormons to volunteer. On July 16, 1846, the five companies of the 101st United States Army Battalion were enrolled at Council Bluffs, Iowa. Twenty-Two officers and 474 enlisted men made up the first official roster, along with 37 woman and 53 children, many of whom were totally unfit for a march of more than two thousand miles to their destination in San Diego, California. Three times during the journey disease, hardship, and near starvation forced battalion officers to send women and children along with sick enlisted men to a small Mormon settlement at Pueblo, Colorado to wait for Brigham Young and his people who were slowly making their way west from Council Bluffs to what is now Utah. On December 16, 1846, with their numbers reduced to 350 men and four women, the Mormon Battalion reached Tucson. After resting and bartering for needed supplies the following day, this lean and hardened contingent continued north to the Gila River and thence to their destination. They arrived in San Diego on January 29, 1847. Covering more than 2,000 miles of harsh, unforgiving territory, the march of the Mormon Battalion has been called the longest in United States Army history. The trail which they followed was instrumental in the settlement of what would later become southwestern United States.

Address: 165 West Alameda Street, Tucson AZ 85701
Directions: Downtown, neat the Pima County Courthouse
Website: http://www.tucsonattractions.com

Review Helpfulness: 3.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Updated Oct 9, 2011
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“~Happy Trails, Keep the Faith and Keep Dreaming!~”

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