"Facts & Figures about Heidelberg - Part 2" Top 5 Page for this destination Useful Information Tip by JessH

Useful Information, Heidelberg: 17 reviews and 24 photos

  The bicycle was invented in Heidelberg, Germany
by JessH
  • The bicycle was invented in Heidelberg, Germany - Heidelberg
      The bicycle was invented in Heidelberg, Germany
    by JessH
  • Homo Heidelbergensis Jaw bone (from brochure) - Heidelberg
      Homo Heidelbergensis Jaw bone (from brochure)
    by JessH

Favorite thing: The first evidence of human life in Europe was found in Heidelberg:
In 1907 a jaw-bone was discovered in a gravel pit in Heidelberg – it is the earliest evidence found of human life in Europe. The "Heidelberg Man" (Homo Heidelbergensis) is the name now given to a member of this extinct human species, considered closely related to "Homo erectus".

Heidelberg escaped bombing in the Second World War:
Unlike many German cities, Heidelberg was not destroyed by air raids in World War II and therefore still has original buildings from the later Middle Ages and early Renaissance. It has been suggested that the city escaped substantial bombing because the US Army wanted to use the city as a garrison after the war. In fact though, as Heidelberg was neither an industrial centre nor transport hub, there was nothing of particular strategic interest to the Allies, who focused extensively on nearby industrial cities such as Mannheim and also Frankfurt.

The US Army has had a military base in Heidelberg since 1951.

The bicycle was invented in Heidelberg by Karl Drais, who was a student at the University of Heidelberg. The "Laufmaschine" represented the beginning of mechanised personal transport. It was also nicknamed the Dandy Horse and was the first means of transport to make use of the two-wheeler principle, even though it didn't have pedals.

Fondest memory: Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG (Heidelberg Printing Machines AG) is a German precision mechanical engineering company with head offices in Heidelberg. It is a manufacturer of highest quality printing presses sold globally. The company has a worldwide market share of more than 47% in this area and is the largest global manufacturer of printing presses.

The Heiliggeistkirche church is only one of many large and small churches, but definitely the one with the most interesting history. During the dark ages, it was the shelter of the "Bibliotheka Palatina", Germany's oldest library. The Bibliotheka was stolen and brought to Rome but eventually returned to the city piece by piece.

It's home to the world's biggest wine barrel!
The Heidelberg "Tun" is the biggest wine barrel in the world and holds 220,000 litres. The vat ("Fass" in German) was built in 1751 and sits within Heidelberg's famous castle.

The German Pharmacy Museum is housed in Heidelberg Castle:
Also housed in the castle grounds is the "Deutsches Apothekenmuseum" which displays a large collection of old equipment and medicines used in a pharmacy in past centuries.

Review Helpfulness: 2.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Written May 3, 2011
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