"Nabataean Arch" Busra ash Sham Things to Do Tip by MM212

Busra ash Sham Things to Do: 42 reviews and 164 photos

  Western fašade, Nabataean Arch of Bosra, Dec 2010
by MM212
 
  • Western façade, Nabataean Arch of Bosra, Dec 2010 - Busra ash Sham
      Western fašade, Nabataean Arch of Bosra, Dec 2010
    by MM212
  • Nabataean Arch & column capitals, Dec 2010 - Busra ash Sham
      Nabataean Arch & column capitals, Dec 2010
    by MM212
  • Dec 2010 - Busra ash Sham
      Dec 2010
    by MM212
  • Eastern Façade, Nabataean Arch, Dec 2010 - Busra ash Sham
      Eastern Fašade, Nabataean Arch, Dec 2010
    by MM212
 

The monumental Nabataean Arch of Bosra stands at the eastern end of the Via Sacra, or Decumanus Maximus, of the city. It was built in the 1st century AD when Bosra became the capital of the Nabataean Kingdom, to mark the beginning of the non-extant Acropolis of Bosra which lay beyond the arch. The Acropolis was the centre of Nabataean religion, whose rituals likely included processions along the length of the Via Sacra, passing through the arch and finally into the Acropolis. Although the arch may at first glance appear Roman, it is in fact completely Nabataean/Semitic in architecture, from the single high central arch, to the multiple "Syrian" niches in which statues may have been placed, and to the Nabataean column capitals on its fašade. Seen in abundance in Hegra (the Nabataean city in the Hijaz region of Arabia) and in Petra, these unusual column capitals are a signature feature of Nabataean architecture.

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  • Updated Mar 18, 2011
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