"Ohio" United States of America Things to Do Tip by traveldave

United States of America Things to Do: 953 reviews and 1,331 photos


Nickname: Buckeye State; Land Area: 40,953 square miles (106,100 square kilometers); Population: 11,536,504; Capital: Columbus; Largest City: Columbus

The 981-mile (1,579-kilometer) Ohio River is formed by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in Pittsburgh (see my Pennsylvania page). It ends where it flows into the Mississippi River at Cairo, Illinois.

The Ohio River was instrumental in the settlement and development of Ohio as a state. Early English explorers used the Ohio River as a highway on their travels to the west. Both the British and French established forts along the river to protect strategic points and areas. In 1760, all of the French forts were turned over to the British after Montreal fell to England during the French-Indian War.

Once peace came to the Ohio River Valley, settlements sprang up along the river to accommodate trade and industry. Some of these settlements grew into major cities, such as Cincinnati in Ohio and Louisville in Kentucky.

Farms were established near the settlements to provide food. Agriculture soon became the most important aspect of the economy not only of Ohio, but also the entire Midwest.

And later, as Americans pushed westward, the Ohio River once again served as a highway which helped open areas further to the west.

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  • Updated Jul 20, 2012
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