"Musée de la Marine II." Top 5 Page for this destination Musée de la Marine ? France?s Maritime Museum Tip by breughel
Musée de la Marine ? France?s Maritime Museum, Paris: 15 reviews and 43 photos
This museum is a must for anybody who feels some interest for maritime history. I have been here five times and would say it is the best maritime museum in the UE if not in the world.
It is here that started my passion for maritime modeling.
Very interesting are the rooms dedicated to the evolution of the navy in the 19th century with the passage of wood in to iron and sail to steam.
For any amateur of maritime history a visit to the Trocadero marine museum is a must because this museum shows the transition in the 18th century from the marine carpenter to the naval engineer-builder i.e. the industrialization of the military shipbuilding.
The arsenals were in that time the main industry of France.
This technological advance was made in France under the reign of Louis XVI with the adoption of standard plans for the vessels of which the most known are the ones of the engineer-builder Jacques-Noël Sané (1740 - 1831).
This engineer conceived a remarkable vessel with 3 decks and 118 guns. Sixteen were build of which the best known was the "Océan".
Sané developed also a standard plan for line vessel with two decks and 74 guns of which 93 exemplars were build so that this 74 gun vessel (photo 1) became the most important of the French navy. Such a vessel had a crew of 700 men.
A model shows the "L'Achille" who exploded at the battle of Trafalgar killing 500 of its crew.
The rooms showing the evolution from sail to steam power and from wood to metal are quite interesting because few maritime museums show this.
The museum has the original model (1859) at scale 1/33 of the first armoured battleship called "La Gloire" (photo 2). The project of this world first armoured frigate was made by naval engineer Dupuy de Lôme. The nautical and military qualities of this armoured frigate (powered by sails and steam) launched in 1860 were so good that 10 frigates like this one were build and gave a significant maritime advantage to France.
The frigate "La Gloire" had a length of 78 m (the model is 271 cm long), the armour was 12 cm thick, there were 34 guns.
The life on board of the 570 men was very difficult. To avoid boring the armour, side openings were banished. The crew thus lived permanently with the gleam of the oil lamps and no ventilation.
Some years later (1868) the same engineer Dupuy de Lomé had a more powerful battleship launched called "L'Océan" (photo 3) with 4 turrets for heavy guns prefiguring the 20th c. battleships. Strange is the big ram at the bow; here we are back to the "rostrum" ram of the ancient Greek galleys.
Open: 10 - 18 h, Sat. & Sun. 11 - 19 h. Closed on Tuesday & 1/05.
Price (2013): 7 ?,
Free: till 18 yr, till 26 yr from EU.
Address: 17, place du Trocadéro
Directions: Standing between the buildings of the Palais de Chaillot and facing the Eiffel Tower, the museum is in the building to your right (entry from the street side).
Phone: 01 53 65 69 69
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