"Ferrol" Top 5 Page for this destination Galicia Things to Do Tip by Aitana
Galicia Things to Do: 61 reviews and 126 photos
Ferrol has been an important shipbuilding city. Now the activity has decayed but along the ria one can still see the dockyards with the big cranes and warehouses. It has been also the most important place for the Spanish Navy in the north. It was also the biggest arsenal in Europe.
What to see in Ferrol?
There are a series of Modernist houses along the city, especially along A Magdalena quarter.
Natural History Museum
San Francisco Church
San Felipe castle
This is one of the most important fortress along the ria del Ferrol. It was built under the rule of the king Felipe II, in the 16th century. In that period, European powers were fighting for the maritime hegemony. Ferrol was in a strategic situation for provisioning the Spanish Navy and this made necessary the construction of a strong defense against French and English Navies.
On the opposite shore of the ria, in front of San Felipe castle, two fortresses were built in the same period: La Palma and San Martin Castles. They are in the narrowest part of the ria. In the past, San Martin and San Felipe castles were joined by a chain in case of an enemy attack, so as to impede the pass of enemy ships.
San Felipe castle is a good sample of the military architecture. It has the shape of an arrowhead. The central element is the hornwork and a double battery of canyons was directed to the sea. Some reforms were made along time. Today it has not a military function.
Several attempts to take Ferrol failed thanks to this fortress (English Navy, 1594; French Navy in 1639; again the British Navy in 1800).
Following the road from Ferrol to the fortress, from Monte Ventoso there is a nice panorama of the coast.
At the port you can take a boat to cross the ria to Mugardos. There is also a boat does a cruise along the ria del Ferrol, showing the castles on both sides.
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