"great info for beijing summer palace" Summer Palace Tip by ericfeng
Summer Palace, Beijing: 310 reviews and 617 photos
Situated in the western outskirts of Haidian District the Summer Palace is 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) from central Beijing. Having the largest royal park and being well preserved it was designated in 1960 by the State Council as a Key Cultural Relics Protection Site of China. Containing examples of the ancient arts it also has graceful landscapes and magnificent constructions. The Summer Palace is the archetypal Chinese garden and is ranked amongst the most noted and classical gardens of the world. In 1998 it was listed as one of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
Constructed in the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) during the succeeding reign of feudal emperors it was extended continuously. By the time of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) it had become a luxurious royal garden providing royal families with rest and entertainment. Originally called ?Qingyi Garden? (Garden of Clear Ripples) it was know as one of the famous ?three hills and five gardens? (Longevity Hill Jade Spring Mountain and Fragrant Hill Garden of Clear Ripples Garden of Everlasting Spring Garden of Perfection and Brightness Garden of Tranquility and Brightness and Garden of Tranquility and Pleasure). Like most of the gardens of Beijing it could not elude the rampages of the Anglo-French allied force and was destroyed by fire. In 1888 Empress Dowager Cixi embezzled navy funds to reconstruct it for her own benefit changing its name to Summer Palace (Yiheyuan). She spent most of her later years there dealing with state affairs and entertaining. In 1900 it suffered again being ransacked by the Eight-Power Allied Force. After the success of the 1911 Revolution it was opened to the public.
Address: Northwest of Beijing
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