"Jerusalem Neighborhoods: The German Colony" Top 5 Page for this destination Jerusalem Things to Do Tip by iblatt
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Every neighborhood in Jerusalem has its unique character and special charm, and the German Colony ("Ha-Moshava Ha-Germanit") is one of these special neighborhoods with a characteristic look and ambience, and an interesting history.
It was founded by the German Templar sect in 1873, and was planned and built as a German village. This area is flat, and so streets could be laid down in an orderly grid system. In 1898 the German Kaiser Wilhelm visited Jerusalem and took this colony under his protection. During WWI many Templars were sent away to Egypt by the Ottoman rulers, but then returned. In the 1930s the German residents identified with the Nazis, and were evicted to Australia by the British Mandate authorities.
The German Colony is paradise for lovers of architecture, who can appreciate how the German country style evolved and got intermixed with Mediterranean / Arab styles, to create a beautiful residential neighborhood with a lot of greenery. Several renowned German architects built their houses here. The public buildings, a "community house" which also served as a church, a school and a pub, were built at the entrance to the neighborhood.
Nowadays the German Colony is a much-desired and expensive residential neighborhood. Many old Templar houses, which were quite small originally, were expanded; but all expansions and rebuilding are carefully supervised, to promote conservation of this historical area.
The German Colony, and mainly the main street (Emek Refa'im), is today also an entertainment area bustling with trendy cafes, restaurants and specialty shops. Friday afternoons are especially busy.
Directions: A short distance south of the King David Hotel, between Emek Refa'im St and Derech Beit-Lechem Road.
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