"Matriz Square ( Marechal Deodoro Square )" Top 5 Page for this destination Porto Alegre Things to Do Tip by Alless
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It is located in the city ?heart? and is also known as the ?square of the power? because there are located the decisional headquarters of the executive, legislative and judiciary.The impressive Catholic Cathedral built in pink granite and with one of the biggest domes in the world is also located around the square. Also the São Pedro Theater is located at square.
While passing by Porto Alegre, in July 1820, August Saint Hilaire has written about the splendid view that one could have from there. In fact, Matriz Square landscape is one of the unique and most captivating locations in the world.
The first Azorean couples that came to Porto Alegre, in 1752, settled down in the area that nowadays is the "Gasômetro end". From there, the village has grown through the low land, along the river, by the delineation that nowadays is Andradas Street (popularly known as "rua da praia"). On those times, the churches used to be built at the height and, thus, between 1772 and 1773, on the site where today we have the Cathedral, it was built the Matriz Church, in honor of Our Lady Mother of God. Due to this, the front area started to be called as Matriz Square. On those times (end of the XIX and beginning of the XX century), the Fogos do Espírito Santo festivals started to take place there, attracting the community to the square. Between 1846 and 1848, the square was improved with pavements on the east and west sides. In 1858, on its northern part, it was inaugurated São Pedro Theater. In 1865, it was named Dom Pedro II Square. Between 1883 and 1885, it was urbanized, and received a garden, trees and paved paths. In 1914, it was inaugurated the monument in honor to Júlio de Castilhos. From 1909 to 1921, Palácio Piratini was built; and, in 1921, the Cathedral construction was started.
Since the Republic was proclaimed, its official name is Marechal Deodoro Square, a name that is not known by the portoalegrenses, who prefer the former "Matriz Square".
Address: Downtown area
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