"City Walls, Towers and Gates" Bautzen Things to Do Tip by german_eagle
Bautzen Things to Do: 45 reviews and 164 photos
Bautzen's city walls, towers and city gates are in large stretches well preserved, especially above the Spree river valley west and north of the old town which makes for gorgeous views from the opposite banks of the river and the bridges. Most parts of the city walls at the east and west sides of the old town were torn down in the 19th century and their grounds were turned into garden-like green areas and used for buildings that were urgently needed for the prospering city - like huge school buildings.
Reichenturm, Lauenturm and Alte Wasserkunst are described in separate tips, Matthiasturm and Burgwasserturm in the 'Ortenburg castle' tip, Pulverturm and Nikolaitor (separate tip) are part of the Nikolaifriedhof (another separate tip).
Wendischer Turm in the northeast corner of the old town is a massive tower with crenellations on top. It was bult 1490-92. 1841-44 Gottfried Semper included the tower in the construction of the neighbouring barracks in neo-gothic style. Nowadays the building is home of the tax and revenue office.
Schülertor is a city gate from the late 15th century. The tower has a square ground plan with a tent-shaped top. Worth to see is the sanstone embossment with a Crucifixion group, created about the year 1400, at the outer side of the gate.
Gerberbastei is a very massive five-storey tower with a flat roof, built 1503 and rebuilt after damages 1703. It is used as youth hostel (highly recommended).
Mühltor is a city gate from about 1500 at the western side of the old town next to Alte Wasserkunst. The name results from the path that led down to the mills along the river. Nowadays the upper rooms (where the guards stayed) of the gate host a small museum on Sorbian culture.
Mönchsbastei was turned into an apartment house. It was originally built 1324, later for about 130 years connected by a passageway with the Franciscan monastery (thus the name).
Since 1952 Fischerbastei is a storage place for the neighbouring Sorbian National Ensemble (theatre company of the Sorbs). It was built 1469, damaged in the 30-years war and reconstructed in 1676. 1870-90 it was included in a hotel and restaurant that was built right next to it.
Neue Wasserkunst is the southernmost tower along the Spree river valley. It was built 1606-10, damaged in 1620 and reconstructed 1724/25. Until 1890 it functioned as water works for the city (separate tip).
Directions: Mostly northern and western edge of the old town above the Spree river
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