"Hohensalzburg Fortress" Hohensalzburg Fortress Tip by nicolaitan
Hohensalzburg Fortress, Salzburg: 204 reviews and 363 photos
The Salzburg Fortress dominates the city skyline from every vantage point. It is Europe's largest intact medieval castle and the only one to have never been conquered. The earliest fortress dates to 1077 and Archbishop Gerhard von Helfenstein, deemed necessary because of a dispute between the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor on the proper dress for bishops ( The Investiture Controvery ). Yes, folks did fight over issues like this 900+ years ago. The fortress would be repeatedly expanded, most notably by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach around the beginning of the 16th Century during a time of peasant revolt and wars with neighboring nations. He also commissioned much of the interior decor we see today. Facilities for armaments and food storage were added as well. Never captured, it was surrendered voluntarily during the Napoleonic Wars. It served as a prison for the last years of Wolf Dietrich and would again be a prison and barracks in the 19th and 20th Century.
The fortress measures over 37000 sq meters and has several towers offering great vistas of Salzburg and the surroundings. Besides the archbishop's living and state quarters, the modern day fortress offers a museum of medieval instruments and a rather remarkable marionette museum included in the price of admission, along with a late Gothic style church. Walking the grounds is free, but a guided tour is required for the interior of the fortress. The exterior is very well maintained with wide grassy lawns and paved walkways.
It is to be noted that the palace makes little effort on behalf of the physically challenged.
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