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"Church of St. Cyril & St. Methodius. Part1" Church of St. Cyril and St. Methodius Tip by alancollins

  Memorial in the crypt
by alancollins
  • Memorial in the crypt - Prague
      Memorial in the crypt
    by alancollins
  • Stairs up to the church - Prague
      Stairs up to the church
    by alancollins
  • Small window to the street - Prague
      Small window to the street
    by alancollins
  • Attempt to break out into the sewers - Prague
      Attempt to break out into the sewers
    by alancollins
  • Part of the museum - Prague
      Part of the museum
    by alancollins

Operation Anthropoid was the codename given by the British SOE to assassinate Reyhard Heydrich. It was designed to show that the top Nazis were not untouchable. The Czech soldiers were trained in the UK and were flown out from Tangmere by a Handley Page Halifax on 28th December 1941. There was a long wait until an opportunity presented itself when details of Heydrich’s itinerary were obtained..It was known that on 27th May 1942 Heydrich would be driven from his home in Panenské Bøe?any to his office at Prague Castle. It was planned that 2 men Gabcík and Kubis would wait at a tram stop near the Bulovka hospital. There is a sharp bend at this location and the car would have to slow down. A third man, Valcik was positioned 100 metres before the bend to signal to the other 2 men. When the car slowed down for the bend Gabcik stepped out with a modified sten gun but the gun jammed. Heydrich made his driver Klein stop the car intending to shoot at the 2 men. This present another opportunity and Kubis threw a modified grenade which went off by the car mortally wounding Heydrich and injuring Kubis. Heydrich was taken to the Bulovka hospital but died from his injuries on 4th June 1942. A massive manhunt took place for the parachutists but they were betrayed by two of their own Karel Curda and Vilem Gerik who accepted money from the Gestapo. Eventually 7 parachutists were traced to the Church of St Cyril and Methodius where a gun battle took place over 14 hours where the parachutists either died from their injuries or killed themselves. Curda and Gerik were caught after the war, tried for treason and executed. The aftermath of the attack on Heydrich cost 5,000 lives and the destruction of the villages of Lidice and Le?áky. There is now a small museum in the crypt of the church where the bullet holes can still be seen in the walls and the attempts by the parachutists to dig their way out into the sewers. The museum has an excellent exhibition with English translations that covers a critical part of the history of WW2.

Address: Praha 1, Resslova 9
Phone: 224 92 06 86

Review Helpfulness: 3.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Updated Feb 26, 2010
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