"modern versus postmodern architecture (2)" Top 5 Page for this destination Maastricht Favorite Tip by ger4444

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Favorite thing: . This stress on universalism is why they call it the ? international style.? In a double meaning: global (meaning: simple and mondial) all over the world it?s the same. The style is without phantasy and leaves no room for interpretation. The modernistic ? style? contains an interesting philosophy. First: it is rooted in Enlightment. Modernism means: rationalism. We want to produce architecture as efficient as possible. Efficient means fast and cheap and thus, Fordism pipeline production is the best way. Also rationalism in shaping humans by architecture. Men should be lead by the principles of rational bahaviour. Rationality in Enlightment means equality. The uniform shape of architecture makes us human equal. Rationality makes us efficient in bahahiour if we are not distracted by needless details: so simplicity makes that possible. It was thought that architecture really can have this impact on us, since architecture (our home) influences our daily life. Rationalism also means: functional. And decorations and details are not functional. Beauty has no use, esthetism is elitism. Enlightment is an universal movement, thus, builings have to be globally uniform. This standardization makes an universal language of semiotics possible. Simple sighns that can be undertood equally by everyman. When the language of architecture is simple, then it is clear to everyone. Rationalism in modernity has the ambition to create the Platonic ideal State. ? une ville contemporarire? a city as a blueprint, erected out of the blue. Architecture went hand in hand with planning: liberation of human from suppression and makes us equal. Liberation alos meant: making our lives more easy. In the interior of houses build in ? the syle? we can see this clearly. Everything is done to make housing as efficient as possible For example: no ornaments and details: we see straight surfaces, straight forms. This makes it easy to clean the house. We see the use of glass. Big glass surfaces let in the sun easy, making it easy to clean, giving also mental health. We see the interior divided in effient spaces: for example a kitchen is nexto the dinningroom, opened by a space through with you can serve the dishes. The reality was different perhaps. Since modernity also contains the roots of capitalism, industrial age, it benefits mass-production coming from the capitalist owners of the big corporations. Standarization, - uniformity in human behaviour ? makes humans equal in personal preferences. Since variation and detail is illuminated by homogenuous architecture, we all become the same, we get manipulated by all wanting the same. And because of that mass-procution can make us slaves by producing the simple, cheap products without variation, embellishment or detail

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  • Written Mar 27, 2009
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