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"Visiting PERGAMON / BERGAMA" Top 5 Page for this destination Izmir Things to Do Tip by Arkeolog

Izmir Things to Do: 168 reviews and 276 photos

  Traian Temple
by Arkeolog

Modern settlement of Bergama embraces Pergamon ruins. This ancient city is located on a hill and it looks breath-taking. You cant take bus from Istanbul and Izmir. easy to get there...

The most important ancient settlement in Smyrna's neighbouring area is Pergamon (Bergama) founded by Philetairos at the beginning of 3rd century B.C.. Ruled continuously by the Attalos dynasty, from the middle of that century on, Pergamon existed as the largest and the strongest of West Anatolian kingdoms through out Hellenistic era. However after the death of the last king Attalos III and suppression Aristonikos revolt which is followed, it has become the Asian State of the Romans. Pergamon, particularly in the 2nd century B.C. became the most important cultural and artistic centre of the entire Hellenistic area. It is known that a library established at that time had 200,000 books and parchment, for centuries used as writing material was first used here. The Zeus Altar which has some relief’s that symbolise the war between the Gods (Pergamonians) and the Giants (Galatians) is also among the remains of the same period.

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  • Written Feb 27, 2009
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