"Beogradska tvrda" Kalemegdan ? Belgrade Fortress Tip by mikey_e
Kalemegdan ? Belgrade Fortress, Belgrade: 197 reviews and 396 photos
Belgrade Fortress is far older than much of the city, although many of the structure?s components were added on by various invaders and occupiers. The city was first founded as Singidunum by the Celts, in the first century, and then converted into a Roman castrum (castle) in the 2nd century, when the city was occupied by the Romans. Afterwards it fell into the hands of the Bulgarians and the Byzantines. In the 9th century the Slavs arrived, and the fortress was built up again by the Serbian despots, especially by Stefan Lazarevic, who made Belgrade is capital in the 15th century (FYI, the first Serbian capital was actually Skopje, in Macedonia). After that, it was used, alternately, by Austro-Hungarians and Turks as an artillery fort. The various stages of fortification and construction can be seen throughout the fortress, which has an incredible blend of different architectural styles as well as relics (like guns and artillery) from the different ages, although most of the latter material is in the Military Museum. The only real monument dedicated to the various invaders is a massive eye in which all the names applied to the city are listed. The fortress is a great outdoor museum, and provides a wonderful visual and tactile means of getting know ? truly know, not just read about ? the history of the city and Serbia as a whole.
Directions: Downtown Belgrade, 1,5km from Republic square
Phone: +381 11 26 245 26?
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