"Ephesus Hospital and Temple of Memmius" Top 5 Page for this destination Ephesus Things to Do Tip by nicolaitan
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Centrally located on Domitian Square, the ancient hospital of Ephesus was a renowned treatment and teaching center for the eastern Mediterranean region. The famed Greek physician and author of numerous treatises on medical care, Soranus, was born and educated in Ephesus. The entrance to the hospital was marked by a frieze bearing the rod of Aesculapius, the mythologic son of Apollo and the god of medicine (image 3). The classic rod bears a snake coiled around a rod. Further evidence for the high place medicine occupied is the statue on the Curetes Way of a physician who, according to legend, worked unsuccessfully on a treatment for malaria and eventually succumbed to that ailment. The Selcuk Museum contains a tray of medical devices unearthed during excavation of the site.
Famously, nobody ever died in the Ephesus Hospital. All surgeries were performed outdoors. Those too sick to survive were sent home to die. A collection of remarkably primitive surgical devices is on display at the Selcuk Museum.
The Memmius Monument (image 4) was constructed in the 1st C AD by Memmius and is noteworthy for having full size intact statues unlike most damaged figures in Ephesus. Across from the hospital and the famed Nike statue, it stands at the head of Curetes Way. The figures include Memmius himself, his father Gaius, and most importantly the Emperor Sulla his grandfather, who defeated Mithridates in an epic battle in 87 BC and liberated the city from the rule of this northern Turkish ruler. The monument is in the shape of a four sided victory arch with steps leading up to the arch and figures.
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