"Chateau de Vincennes" Bois de Vincennes Tip by Tom_Fields
Bois de Vincennes, Paris: 6 reviews and 18 photos
At one time, the Bois de Vincennes (the forest of Vincennes) was enormous. It belonged to the Bishop of Paris, and then part of it passed to the Capetian dynasty. The king built a hunting lodge on the property in the 12th century. As time passed, this grew into a manor house, then an elaborate castle. Most of the present structure dates from the mid-14th century. The chapel was built in 1379.
In the Hundred Years' War, under the Treaty of Troyes, the castle was given to English King Henry V (victor of Crecy and Agincourt) in 1420. King Henry died here two years later. In 1436, the French retook the castle. During later times of trouble, such as the Fronde revolt and wars of religion, the royal family sought refuge here.
The castle remained in the hands of the royal family until 1784. By then, it has outlived its usefulness. However, during the Revolution it was used as an arsenal. By this time, modern artillery had rendered the castle militarily obsolete. But it still saw service as an army training post and headquarters. During the German occupation of World War II, it was used as a prison and execution yard. After the war, the French Army housed its history department here. Restoration continues to this day. Open daily, with guided tours.
Address: 1, avenue de Paris 94300 Vincennes
Directions: Metro: Château de Vincennes. RER A Vincennes station.
Phone: 33 / (0)1.48.08.31.20
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