"Bohus Fortress" Göteborg Things to Do Tip by Joacim
Göteborg Things to Do: 334 reviews and 562 photos
If you like fortresses this is a must be tour! THe history of the fortress is:
Bohus Fortress lies along the old Norwegian - Swedish border in Kungälv, (20 kilometres north of Gothenburg). It commands its surroundings from a 40 meter high cliff, with the river forming a natural moat about it.
The construction began in 1308 under King Håkon V Magnuson, king of Norway from 1299 until 1319. At the time Bohuslän (Båhuslen) was Norwegian territory and it served as a main Norwegian defense against Sweden along the coast as well as the strong point for the Bohuslän region from 1308 until 1658.
The Norwegian fortress was invested numerous times, but was never captured. In 1593-1604 Bohus was upgraded to a bastion fortress. A new outer fortification was raised.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, Bohuslän (including Bohus Fortress) became Swedish.Since Bohus Fortress no longer lay on the border, it was of minimal future use to Sweden, which relied on the existing Älvsborg Fortress at Gothenburg and a new Carlsten Fortress erected at Marstrand.
At the end of the 18th century it was decided that the now unused fortress should be demolished. Demolition crews worked at the fortress for two months, at which time the money allocated for the task had run out. Residents of the surrounding town of Kungälv used the dressed stone of the fortress for building houses. Still, much of the fortress is still intact, including the large northern tower, "Fars hatt". The fortress is now a museum and open to tours in the summer.
Address: Kungälv, 20 km north of Gothenburg
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