"Anitkabir-Atatürk's mouselum" Top 5 Page for this destination AnitKabir - The Ataturk Mausoleum Tip by Tuna_ank
AnitKabir - The Ataturk Mausoleum, Ankara: 23 reviews and 75 photos
Atatürk was one of the greatest leader at the world. We were lucky that we had him. He changed the destiny of Türkiye. You may understand how great he was and how important he was for us, by looking to the mouselum and the museum. Atatürk was a military genius, a charismatic leader, also a comprehensive reformer in his life.
Chronology of Reforms: (There are many, I can't write all of them here...)
1922 Sultanate abolished (November 1).
1923 Treaty of Lausanne secured (July 24). Republic of Turkey with capital at Ankara proclaimed (October 29).
1924 Caliphate abolished (March 3). Traditional religious schools closed, Sheriat (Islamic Law) abolished. Constitution adopted (April 20).
1925 Dervish brotherhoods abolished. Fez outlawed by the Hat Law (November 25). Veiling of women discouraged; Western clothing for men and women encouraged. Western (Gregorian) calendar adopted.
1926 New civil, commercial, and penal codes based on European models adopted. New civil code ended Islamic polygamy and divorce by renunciation and introduced civil marriage. Millet system ended.
1927 First systematic census.
1928 New Turkish alphabet (modified Latin form) adopted. State declared secular (April 10); constitutional provision establishing Islam as official religion deleted.
1933 Islamic call to worship and public readings of the Kuran (Quran) required to be in Turkish rather than Arabic.
1934 Women given the vote and the right to hold office. Law of Surnames adopted - Mustafa Kemal given the name Kemal Atatürk (Father of the Turks) by the Grand National Assembly; Ismet Pasha took surname of Inönü.
1935 Sunday adopted as legal weekly holiday. State role in managing economy written into the constitution.
Atatürk said something for Australian soldiers after the Battle of Gallipoli:
Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives;
You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country.
Therefore rest in peace.
There is no difference between the Johnnies
and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side
here in this country of ours.
You, the mothers,
who sent their sons from far away countries,
wipe away your tears;
your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace.
After having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well."
"Peace at Home, Peace in the World" Mustafa Kemal ATATURK
Phone: 0312 231 7975
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