"Trajan column - War for money." Top 5 Page for this destination Trajan & Imperial Forums Tip by breughel
Trajan & Imperial Forums, Rome: 76 reviews and 143 photos
From the spirals of the Trajan column we can follow all the details of the invasion of Dacia (presently Romania) but we are left ignorant of the reason of this war: money !!!
Rome was importing everything, had important military expenses and lacked precious metals for coinage. In modern terms we would say that Rome suffered an important trade deficit what lead to a currency drainage. Emperor Nero decreased the amount of silver in the "denarius" and the gold in the "aureus" coins. More coins were produced but the debasement of the coinage produced a search and hoarding of the good "money" what increased the monetary problems of Rome.
Present travellers from overseas complaining about the low value of their money will understand from this that money devaluation existed already two thousand years ago. Nothing new under the sun.
As emperor Trajan was not only a good military commander but also a good administrator he aimed at restoring the financial and monetary situation of Rome.
Invading the rich Dacia where king Decebale showed hostility to Rome seemed a good opportunity.
Trajan came back to Rome in 106 A.D. with war booty of 165 tons of gold and 300 tons of silver! That solved the monetary problems of Rome for some years. Not surprising that Trajan was called "Optimus Princeps" best of princes.
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