"Where It Started - McPherson Ridge" Top 5 Page for this destination Gettysburg Things to Do Tip by AlbuqRay
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The Battle of Gettysburg began around 8 AM on 1 Jul 1863 on McPherson Farm. Union BG John Buford's cavalry brigade opposed a Confederate infantry division commanded by MG Henry Heth. The Confederates had the advantage of numbers but Buford had the advantage of position. He was able to hold until around 10 AM when Union infantry from the First Corps commanded by MG John F. Reynolds arrived and counterattacked. However, Reynolds was shot dead while leading his troops into the woods south of the farm. Eventually Confederate re-inforcements arrived and the Union troops were forced to retreat first to Seminary Ridge and then to Cemetery Hill. You may read more details in the virtual tour by the National Park Service.
There are now several statues and memorials at this site where Meredith Avenue intersects the Chambersburg Pike. The day I was there, 2 May 2008, the adjacent fields were awash in blooming yellow wildflowers, making a spectacular backdrop for this historical site. The McPherson Ridge video gives one a better feel for how nice these wildflowers were. Some very nice Asian tourists took a couple pics for me so that I could be in them. Note that there are also public restrooms across the highway.
Directions: On the Chambersburg Pike (US-30) one half mile west of Gettysburg
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