"FENER QUARTER (PHANAR)" Top 5 Page for this destination Fener District Tip by neodue
Fener District, Istanbul: 4 reviews and 13 photos
When you go to Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Istanbul visit it s Quarter.It s poor and dirty quarter with old historical buildings.But it was the important quarter between 16th and 20th century.
It was the center of Phanariots or Phanariot Dragomans( Translators).Phanariots also were ruling the Current Romania like in Byzantine Period after the Ottomans conquered Istanbul.
You can see nice old Villa's and houses in this quarter.
Phanariotes, Phanariots, or Phanariote Greeks (Greek:Φαναριώτες, Romanian: Fanarioţi, Bulgarian:Фанариоти ) were members of those prominent Greek (including Hellenized Romanian and Albanian) families residing in Phanar (Φανάρι, modern Fener), the chief Greek quarter of Constantinople, where the Ecumenical Patriarchate is situated. For all their cosmopolitanism the Phanariotes were aware of their Hellenism; according to Nicholas Mavrocordatos' Philotheou Parerga:We are a race completely Hellenic. Phanariotes exercised great influence in the Ottoman Empire in the 18th centuryand dominated the administration of the Patriarchate frequently intervening in the selection of prelates, including the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
Some members of these families, which had acquired great wealth and influence during the 17th century, occupied high political and administrative posts in the Ottoman Empire. From 1669 until the Greek War of Independence in 1821 Phanariotes formed the majority of the dragomans to the Ottoman government (the Porte) and to foreign embassies due to the higher level of education of Greeks compared to the general Ottoman population.Along with the church dignitaries, the local notables from the provinces and the large Greek merchant class, Phanariotes represented the better educated members of Greek society during Ottoman rule and until the start of the Greek War of Independence. During the latter, Phanariotes played a crucial role and influenced the decisions of the Greek National Assembly, the representative body of the Greek revolutionaries, which met on six occasions between 1821 and 1829.
Between the years 1711–1716 and 1821, a number of them were appointed Hospodars (Voivodes or Princes) of the Danubian Principalities (Moldavia and Wallachia), usually as a promotion from dragoman offices; that period is usually termed the Phanariote epoch in Romanian history.
Directions: Fatih district Fener Quarter.
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