"A city devellopping (part 2)" Top 5 Page for this destination Maastricht Favorite Tip by ger4444

Maastricht General: 208 reviews and 266 photos


Favorite thing: The room within the wall of 1229 soon appeared to be too small. More and more houses got build outside, along the roads that came from Maastricht such as the boschstraat. A Second wall was needed. The monumental historic centre falls together with the erea of this second wall. In this new space, the mainly new buildings occurred along mainroads, so that a lot of open speaces were left. These were left as grocery gardens by convents. The ground, with its function as garedens was ideal during wars. City farms within the walls provided food in that way. Some of these city farms can be found these days, such as at the Calvariestraat. In the Grote Staat was a buiding “De lanscroon” were since 1380 the magistrature had its meetings. Nearby the Dinghuis, the courthouse. The side of the buidling demonstares how one builded with stone in the middle ages: timbre frame, with heavey massive beams, connected by wwooden pens, filled up by stone. In 1664 magistrature and courthouse moved to the townhall at the market. The city was in the middle ages was convents and houses belonging to the religious people and nobilities. They had their houses ‘refugees’ where they could go to when the town was in war. The nobilties from the countryside outside the town had their houses here. At the ‘poort van Gaveren’ (kapoenstraat) was f.e. the refugee of the lord of Elsloo. And there were many begijnen and brotherhoods. And the many pilgrims got housing during their pelgrimage, free lodging was f.e. offered by De Beyard. Maastricht as fortificated town was in these days reffered to as the ‘stronghold of the Netherlands.’ The city lived their days many ages in the light of defending and occupation. Many houses were build between the 15 th and 18 th century, and a certain basic architecture, standard, came into being. Small houses with bahind the entrance a small corridor where 2 rooms were coming out, a traircase that came to a floor with the same pattern. Between 1500-1700 the area of Stokstraat got a good outlook, it got next to its port and trade function also a residential function officers build nice houses in the street. See the stone tablets (nous desirons paix) showing they were tired of war. Around 1650 buisiness buildings had their separed porches at the side and back of the builings. Servants had to deliver products into the buidling and couldn’t use the frondoor, walking through the shop or pub. Behind the buidling was therefor a yard where horse carriages were located with the cars and horses. Big porches (koetspoorten) were needed. Above the porches there often was a little house. Koetspoorten can be seen in the Jodenstraat. After a long time of ages of rebuilding and building under the many occupiers, maastrict found itself confrontated with serious shortage of housing. This appeared in the ninetheenth century. The reason was that the city attrackted many people to the town who came working in the new industry. Within the citywall there was overpopulation. In 1889 there were 32.000 citizens whereas for the 6200 families only 3300 houses were avaiable. In each house in avarage 10 people lived. Liberalism – the popular political thought in these days – let the cummmuniy councel decide that housing is a task for the emplyee. In the old neighboorhood around the pottery factory in the boschstraat numerous people were living in filthy, one room houses. Cholera and other disease could easily spread. Some lived in rooms without air ventilation and rooms. The elegant houses in the stokstraat wre left. The rich had found other houses in the city. They were rented to the poor. There were houses in wich ten families lived with only 2 tabs and 2 toilets. A notorious neighboorhood with the drunk neightlife, prostitutes, yet an enourmous feeling of harmony amongst the inhabitants.

Review Helpfulness: 2.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Written Apr 14, 2008
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