"Maastricht monument city part 1" Top 5 Page for this destination Maastricht Favorite Tip by ger4444
Maastricht General: 208 reviews and 266 photos
Favorite thing: Maastricht is not only the oldest city in the country, allthough, Neijmeghen claims this title as well, the town has alos non stop been inhabited since the romans. A long tradition of building and breaking, which resulted in some 1500 buildings that have managed to live through the ages and therefor have been declared monuments. With this number, the town is nexto Amsterdam the second Monumenten town in the country. It must be a wonderfull job to be a public officer being concerned with monumet policy in Maastricht. Nothing boring, a clerk dealing with so many monuments. At the communual office, the townhall, the division of SOG is dealing with this subject and when you think of monumets, it is not only old churches and castles, but in Maastricht time and again new buildings are build, that can become the monuments of the future, one only has to think of ceramique. Monuments from the 17 th and 18 th century dominate, but there is so much more. Underground Maastricht is full of traces from the romans. In the recent past architectures have found traces of the settlement from roam days. They are visible in Derlon cellar and the marks are made visible at the termen. From 13 th century it is the old bridge, which, till the beginning of the last century was the one and only place in the country were you could cross the river Maas. After that the french roy du soleil conqueered Maastricht a long period of breaking and building began. This took from 1673 till 1867. Then Maastricht lost its status as fortificaion town. The town can be seen as one of the best defensable down in Europe. It is no srprise that you can find so many fortresses, tunnels, walls in town. There are special visits for all these fortifiactions on a special guided tour. Interesting that in the tunnel network between Waldack bastion and Hoge Fronten the Head quarter is located directly at the Vrijthof square. But many things have also been destroyed, such as the city gates. The Helpoort is the only one left. And in the ninetheenth century the tearing down of the walls and gates were necessarily since it was the time of urban growth and industrialisation, Maastricht being the firts industrialized city of the Netherlands. Within the walls, before they gor ruined a lot of space was possible. The city had 20 convents. The numebrous churches, St Servaas being the oldest church of the Netherlands.
After a few city fires it was forbidden to buid wit wood and use reed roofs. The town began its revival. From this time many new houes stem, residential use, and still visible. Build in bricks together making a colourfull outlook. The roofs are paralel on the streets and the houses are high. This gives the typical charm to the center. Especially striking are the many stone tablets in the houses. Next to the residential houses some city-palaces were build. You find them behind the St Jan church ? hendrik van Veldeke square ? Brede straat and Boschstraat.
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