"Casa Presei Libere (House of Free Press)" Press House Tip by monica71
Press House, Bucharest: 9 reviews and 20 photos
House of Free Press was designed by architect Horia Maicu. The construction took 5 years to complete (between 1952 and 1957). Its original name was Casa Scanteii ("scanteii" means "sparks" and "casa" means "house"). This is the place where the official newspaper of the communist party was printed during the communist years. The paper was called "Scanteia" or "The Spark".
The intent was to also built 2 more additions to the building: one to be used as a theatre and one to serve as a house of the several communist unions. Due to the high cost of the construction, the completion of these 2 more buildings was dropped.
Since the cost of the construction proved to be much higher than anticipated, it is interesting to note that people were forced to donate a certain amount from their monthly salary once the construction started. The money raised this way was used to finish the construction of the building.
Another interesting fact that I learned while attending the Civil Engineering University in Romania and it is worth mentioning: Casa Scanteii (most people refer to the building by its old name even today) was the first building whose construction took in consideration the parameters obtained as a result of calculus for integrity/resistance of the building in case of earthquakes. The norms and formulas used were the same ones used by Italians while Mussolini was in power. These norms proved to be much better than the ones published in 1963 since they were much simpler and they also took in consideration the intensity of the earthquake. The norms published in 1963 were more complex and took in consideration both, the shape of the building and the intensity of the earthquake.
The building is very similar to the Palace of Science and Culture in Warsaw, Poland.
Today the building is used as the house of almost all Bucharest's printing presses and newsrooms, with the addition of the Bucharest Stock Exchange in the southern wing.
Address: Piata Presei Libere 1, Bucharest
Directions: close to The Arch of Triumph and Herastrau Park
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