"Constitution Square, Kharkiv" Top 5 Page for this destination Kharkiv Things to Do Tip by Viktosha
Kharkiv Things to Do: 91 reviews and 211 photos
Constitution Square, also called at different periods Yarmarochna (Fair), Nikolayevska, Tevelev, Soviet Ukraine, appeared at the same time as the fortress. In the 17th century it was the site of annual fairs, in winter it was used for sledge riding. In the early 19th century the buildings of the Nobility Conventions and the police station were built here and thus started the development of this part of the town. The first All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets, which proclaimed the Soviet power in Ukraine and Kharkiv as its capital (in 1934 the capital was transferred to Kyiv), was held in the Nobility Conventions building.
The building housed a concert hall with choir galleries, which made it suitable for concerts, artistic exhibitions etc. In the «capital» period of Kharkiv history numerous governmental and administrative bodies used to be located here. After the capital had been transferred to Kyiv, they opened the Palace of Pioneers, the first one in the USSR, in the building. It provided a lot of leisure activities for children in numerous sections, one of which was even supervised by the famous children?s writer M. Trublaini.
Unfortunately, those building have not survived the war.
In 1925 the buildings of the New Passage (a department store) and the Stock Exchange were built on the western side of the square.
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