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"Jashan-e Sadeh (Festival of Sadeh) (1) - History" Iran Local Custom Tip by Behi

Iran Local Customs: 91 reviews and 132 photos

  Jashan-e Sadeh (Festival of Sadeh) - Markar,Tehran
by Behi

Jashan-e Sadeh (Festival of Sadeh) is a festivity to honor of domination of Human on fire & to defeat the forces of darkness, frost & cold.

Sade meaning 100 & refers to remaining 50 days & 50 nights to Norouz -1st day of spring (Mar 21)- & 100th day of winter acoording ancient calender.

Sade celebrate on 10th Bahman (Jan 29) by Zoroastrians society.

Mythological History about Sade is:
once Hushang shah first king of the Kayanian dynasty was climbing a mountain when suddenly he saw a snake & wanted to hit it with a stone. When he threw the stone, it hit to another stone & since they were both flint stones, fire broke out. This way he discovered how to light a fire. Hushang cheered up & praised God who revealed to him the secret of lighting a fire.

Jashn-e Sadeh recalls the importance of light & energy; light which comes from God is found in the hearts of his creatures.
During ancient times, the fires were always set near water & the Fire temples. The fire originally meant to assist the revival of sun & bring back the warmth & light of summer. It was also meant to drive off the frost & cold, which turned water to ice, & kills the roots of plants.

During ancient times, the chief preparation for Sadeh was the gathering of wood. Teenage boys accompanied by a few men would go to mountains in order to gather thorns. For most, this is the first time they are away from their families. The occasion resembles a ritual of passage to adulthood, a notable step for the boys on the way to manhood. on their return, a celebration was held at home with the presence of families.

The fire was kept burning all night. The day after, women each taking a small portion of the fire back to their homes to make new glowing fire from the blessed fire. This is to spread the blessing of the Sadeh fire to every household. Whatever is left from the fire would be taken back & kept at the fire temple. The eternal fire also symbolizes the love of homeland which is always alive like a fervent fire in the people's hearts.

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  • Updated Feb 6, 2008
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